Artificial intelligence

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In computer science, artificial intelligence, sometimes called machine intelligence, is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals.
Artificial intelligence
Definition
In computer science, artificial intelligence, sometimes called machine intelligence, is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals.
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
In computer science, artificial intelligence, sometimes called machine intelligence, is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals.

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Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence
SpellingArtificial intelligence
Pronunciation[Artificial intelligence]

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The fact that even AI experts sometimes have trouble training new models implies that the process has yet to be automated in a way where it could be incorporated into a general-purpose product. Some of the biggest advances in deep learning will come through discovering more robust training methods. We have already seen this some with advances like dropout, super convergence, and transfer learning, all of which make training easier. Through the power of transfer learning (to be discussed in Part 3) training can be a robust process when defined for a narrow enough problem domain; however, we still have a ways to go in making training more robust in general.

Companies of all sizes are implementing AI, ML, and cognitive technology projects for a wide range of reasons in a disparate array of industries and customer sectors. Some AI efforts are focused on the development of intelligent devices and vehicles, which incorporate three simultaneous development streams of software, hardware, and constantly evolving machine learning models. Other efforts are internally-focused enterprise predictive analytics, fraud management, or other process-oriented activities that aim to provide an additional layer of insight or automation on top of existing data and tooling. Yet other initiatives are focused on conversational interfaces that are distributed across an array of devices and systems. And others have AI & ML project development goals for public or private sector applications that differ in more significant ways than these.

The UK is driving a new wave of regulatory innovation through its Regulators’ Pioneer Fund. Established in 2018, it has invested in 15 novel experiments – from stimulating tech entry to the legal services market to supporting testing of AI-powered medical devices.

Privacy and tech experts say that governments must be agile in creating laws to protect their citizens from ethically dubious applications of artificial intelligence (AI).

Meanwhile the acquisition by Facebook, no matter what form it takes, looks like a good fit given the U.S. company’s investment in next generation platforms, including VR and AR. It is also another — perhaps, worrying — example of U.S. tech companies hoovering up U.K. machine learning and AI talent early.

Musk and Zuckerberg have butted heads in the past over the future of artificial intelligence, too, with Musk calling Zuckerberg’s understanding of the future of AI “limited” in 2017.

French companies OSE Immunotherapeutics and MAbSilico are teaming up to drive the discovery of new antibody drugs using artificial intelligence.

Guided by brain-like ‘spiking’ computational frameworks, neuromorphic computing—brain-inspired computing for machine intelligence—promises to realize artificial intelligence while reducing the energy requirements of computing platforms. This interdisciplinary field began with the implementation of silicon circuits for biological neural routines, but has evolved to encompass the hardware implementation of algorithms with spike-based encoding and event-driven representations. Here we provide an overview of the developments in neuromorphic computing for both algorithms and hardware and highlight the fundamentals of learning and hardware frameworks. We discuss the main challenges and the future prospects of neuromorphic computing, with emphasis on algorithm–hardware codesign.

MedWhat generates personalized answers to your medical questions using a combination of natural language processing, information retrieval, bioinformatics, and artificial intelligence technology.

This is not to say that no startups are working to commercialize this technology. Last year, CureMetrix became the first company to receive FDA approval for its AI-based breast cancer technology; the company plans to deploy in several clinical settings this year. Other startups angling to commercialize and scale AI-based radiology in the near term include Arterys, Aidoc, Zebra Technologies and DeepHealth.

Why is a tech backbone so critical to operations—to say nothing of a tech-enabled transformation? In short, the tech backbone manages the storage, aggregation, analysis, and provision of data across the organization. Companies with obsolete legacy systems face significant challenges in consolidating data from different sources, maintaining consistency and quality, and making the necessary updates within the required timelines. And because solutions based on analytics, AI, and the industrial IoT all rely on unfettered access to comprehensive, high-quality data to generate business insights, an inadequate tech backbone will severely limit the impact of these technologies.

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See also: